Our Herniated Disc InfoGraphic will help you better understand the dynamics of lower back pain and it’s herniated disc connection. The body shock-absorbers, the discs that separate the bones in the spine are probably the most common reason for lower back pain. The disc has been compared to a jelly doughnut, in that there is an outside wall to the disc and a soft center.
The “jelly” is the inner spongy core of the vertebral disc, called the nucleus pulposus. Surrounding the jelly center are hard bands of fibrous tissue called the annulus fibrosis (strong wrapping), or disc wall. The progression of age, can cause the disc to become brittle and susceptible to herniation or rupture.
In the workplace, or on the playing field, strain, and poor body lifting form, can take it’s toll. Sudden stress from lifting can cause an already weakened disc to rupture, allowing the jelly middle to squirt out of the disc space. This jelly contains chemicals which are extremely irritating to the nerves, which can also cause swelling.
Because the nerve roots act as telegraph lines to other parts of the body, a common complication of disc herniation is that it can cause pain that is felt in other parts of the body, like the leg. In fact, leg pain below the knee is a common herniated disc symptom. This radiating pain is called radicular pain or radiculopathy.
Surgery is not always necessary to treat “herniated disc,” “pinched nerve,” and “bulging disc,” (Herniated Disc). Conservative treatment options are available: